1

NOAA, January 1998. For land and ocean surfaces combined, the average global temperature of the calendar year 1907 is 0·50ºC below the average global temperature of 16·50ºC for the thirty calendar years from 1961 to 1990, such that the annual global temperature of 1907 is 16·00ºC, which is the lowest annual global temperature for any calendar year from 1900 to 1997.
NOAA, January 2017. For land and ocean surfaces combined, the average global temperature of the calendar year 2016 is 0·94ºC above the average global temperature of 13·9ºC for the one-hundred calendar years from 1901 to 2000, such that the annual global temperature of 2016 is 14·84ºC, which is the highest annual global temperature for any calendar year from 1880 to 2016.

Tuesday, 31 January 2017

1909. NasaGisTemp.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1909 is -0.32°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1909 is -0.45°C. Questions:- If the global temperature anomaly for 1909 is +100°C, then a guess of -1°C, for the global temperature of 1909, is 101°C too low, is  it not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1909 is -100°C, then a guess of +1°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1909, is 101°C too high, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1909 is neither +100°C nor -100°C, then a guess of either -0.32°C or -0.45°C is [what number of degrees centigrade? ± (what number of degrees centigrade?)] too low or too high?

1909. NOAA.

Claim 1:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1909 is -0.3792°C. Claim 2:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1909 is -0.4047°C. Questions:- If the global land temperature anomaly for 1909 is +100°C, then a guess of -1°C, for global land temperature anomaly of 1909, is 101°C too low, is it not? If the global land temperature anomaly for 1909  is -100°C, then a guess of +1°C, for the global land temperature anomaly of 1909, is 101°C too high, is it not? If the global land temperature anomaly for 1909 is neither +100°C nor -100°C, then a guess of either -0.3792°C or -0.4047°C, for the global land temperature anomaly of 1909, is [what number of degrees centigrade? ± (what number of degrees centigrade?)] too low or too high?

1909. HadCrut4.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1909 is not less than -0.661°C and not more than -0.411°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1909 is not less than -0.755°C and not more than -0.317°C. Questions:- If the global temperature anomaly for 1909 is +100°C, then a guess of -0.661°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1909, is 100.661°C too low, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1909 is -100°C, then a guess of -0.411°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1909, is 99.589°C too high, is not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1909 is neither +100°C nor -100°C, then a guess of either -0.755°C or -0.317°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1909, is [what number of degrees centigrade? ± (what number of degrees centigrade?)] too low or too high ?

Monday, 30 January 2017

1908. NasaGisTemp.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1908 is -0.31°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1908 is -0.44°C. Questions:- If the global temperature anomaly for 1908 is +100°C, then a guess of -0.31°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1908, is 100.31°C too low, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1908 is -100°C, then a guess of -0.44°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1908, is 99.56°C too high, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1908 is neither +100°C nor -100°C, then a guess of either -0.31°C or -0.44°C is [what number of degrees centigrade? ± (what number of degrees centigrade?)] too low or too high ?

1908. NOAA.

Claim 1:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1908 is -0.4794°C. Claim 2:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1908 is -0.4951°C. Questions:- If the global land temperature anomaly for 1908 is +100°C, then a guess of -0.4794°C, for the the global land temperature anomaly of 1908, is 100.4794°C too low, is it not? If the global land temperature anomaly for 1908 is -100°C, then a guess of -0.4951°C, for the global land temperature anomaly of 1908, is 99.5049°C too high, is it not? If the global land temperature anomaly for 1908 is neither +100°C nor -100°C, then a guess of either -0.4794°C or -0.4951°C, for the global land temperature anomaly of 1908, is [what number of degrees centigrade? ± (what number of degress centigrade?)] too low or too high ?

1908. HadCrut4.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1908 is not less than -0.651°C and not more than -0.400°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1908 is not less than -0.747°C and not more than -0.304°C. Questions:- If the global temperature anomaly for 1908 is +100°C, then a guess of -0.651°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1908, is 100.651°C too low, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1908 is -100°C, then a guess of -0.400°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1908, is 99.600°C too high, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1908 is neither +100°C nor -100°C, then a guess of either -0.747°C or -0.304°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1908, is [what number of degrees centigrade? ± (what number of degrees centigrade?)] too low or too high ?

1907. NasaGisTemp.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1907 is -0.41°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1907 is -0.58°C. Questions:- If the annual global temperature anomaly for 1907 is +100°C, then a guess of -0.41°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1907, is 100.41°C too low, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1907 is -100°C, then a guess of -0.58°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1907, is 99.42°C too high, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1907 is neither +100°C nor -100°C, then a guess of either -0.41°C or -0.58°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1907, is [what number of degrees centigrade? ± (what number of degrees centigrade?)] too low or too high ?

1907. NOAA.

Claim 1:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1907 is -0.5938°C. Claim 2:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1907 is -0.6156°C. Questions:- If the global land temperature anomaly for 1907 is +100°C, then a guess of -0.5938°C, for the global land temperature anomaly of 1907, is 100.5938°C too low, is it not? If the global land temperature anomaly for 1907 is -100°C, then a guess of -0.6156°C, for the global land temperature anomaly of 1907, is 99.3844°C to high, is it not? If the global land temperature anomaly for 1907 is neither +100°C nor -100°C, then a guess of either -0.5938°C or -0.6156°C, for the global land temperature anomaly of 1907, is [what number of degrees centigrade? ± (what number of degrees ccentigrade?)] too low or too high ?

1907. HadCrut4.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1907 is not less than -0.607°C and not more than -0.351°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1907 is not less than -0.701°C and not more than -0.256°C. Questions:- If the annual global temperature anomaly for 1907 is +100°C, then a guess of -0.607°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1907, is 100.607°C too low, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1907 is -100°C, then a guess of -0.351°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1907, is 99.649°C too high, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for 1907 is neither +100°C nor -100°C, then a guess of either -0.701°C or -0.256°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1907, is [what number of degrees centigrade? ± (what number of degrees centigrade?)]  too high or too low ?

Sunday, 29 January 2017

1906. NasaGisTemp.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1906 is -0.16°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1906 is -0.29°C. Question:- Is either of these claims true ?

1906. NOAA.

Claim 1:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1906 is -0.2001°C. Claim 2:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1906 is -0.2083°C. Question:- Is either of these claims true ?

1906. HadCrut4.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1906 is not less than -0.429°C and not more than -0.166°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1906 is no lower than -0.528°C and no higher than -0.067°C. Question:- Are these claims inconsistent with one another, or are they meaningless ?

1905. NasaGisTemp.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1905 is -0.26°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1905 is -0.39°C. Question:- Are these claims inconsistent with one another ?

1905. NOAA.

Claim 1:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1905 is -0.4198°C. Claim 2:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1905 is -0.4350°C. Question:- Are these claims inconsistent with one another ?

1905. HadCrut4.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1905 is no lower than -0.516°C and no higher than -0.253°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1905 is no lower than -0.614°C and no higher than -0.156°C. Question:- Are these claims inconsistent with one another ?

1904. NasaGisTemp.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1904 is -0.43°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1904 is -0.57°C. Question:- Are these claims inconsistent with one another ?

1904. NOAA.

Claim 1:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1904 is -0.4630°C. Claim 2:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1904 is -0.4765°C. Question:- Are these claims inconsistent with one another ?

1904. HadCrut4.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1904 is no lower than -0.663°C and no higher than -0.393°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1904 is no lower than -0.761°C and no higher than -0.295°C. Do either of these claims mean anything ?

1903. NasaGisTemp.

Claim 1:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1903 is -0.36°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1903 is -0.46°C. Is either claim any more accurate than the other ?

Saturday, 28 January 2017

1903. NOAA.

Claim 1:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1903 is -0.4064°C. Claim 2:- The annual global land temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1903 is -0.3843°C. Is either claim any more accurate than the other ?

1903. HadCrut4.

Claim 1:-The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1903 is no lower than -0.618°C and no higher than -0.348°C. Claim 2:- The annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1903 is no lower than -0.717°C and no higher than -0.248°C. Is either claim any more accurate than the other ?

1902. NasaGisTemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1902 is -0.30°C and -0.40°C. Is either claim more accurate than the other ?

1902. NOAA.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1902 is -0.1139°C and -0.0914°C. Is either claim more accurate than the other ?

1902. HadCrut4.

HadCrut4 has had several reincarnations since its initial release. Below are two claims for the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1902. Claim (A) is as per the annual series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Claim (B) is as per the monthly series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Click here for the official explanation of what all the numbers mean.

Claim (A). The global temperature anomaly for 1902 is no lower than -0.548°C and no higher than  -0.280°C.
Claim (B). The global temperature anomaly  for 1902 is no lower than -0.642°C and no higher than -0.166°C.

Is either claim any more accurate than the other ?

Friday, 27 January 2017

1901. NasaGisTemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1901 is -0.06°C and -0.20°C. Is either claim more accurate than the other ?

1901. NOAA.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1901 is -0.1139°C and -0.0914°C. Is either claim more accurate than the other ?

1901. HadCrut4.

HadCrut4 has had several reincarnations since its initial release. Below are two claims for the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1901. Claim (A) is as per the annual series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Claim (B) is as per the monthly series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Click here for the official explanation of what all the numbers mean.

Claim (A). The global temperature anomaly for 1901 is no lower than -0.415°C and no higher than  -0.130°C.
Claim (B). The global temperature anomaly  for 1901 is no lower than -0.515°C and no higher than -0.029°C.

Is either claim any more accurate than the other ?


1900. NasaGisTemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1900 is -0.06°C and -0.20°C. Is either claim more accurate than the other ?

1900. NOAA.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1900 is -0.1399°C and -0.1277°C. Is one claim more accurate than the other ?

1900. HadCrut4.

HadCrut4 has had several reincarnations since its initial release. Below are two claims for the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1900, as per HadCrut4.1.1.0.   Claim (A) is as per the annual series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Claim (B) is as per the monthly series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Click here for the official explanation of what all the numbers mean.

Claim (A). The global temperature anomaly for 1900 is no lower than -0.341°C and no higher than  -0.062°C.
Claim (B). The global temperature anomaly  for 1900 is no lower than -0.451°C and no higher than +0.049°C.

Which claim is closer to the mark ?


1899. NasaGisTemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1899 is -0.25°C and -0.36°C. Which claim is closer to the mark?

1898. NasaGistemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1898 is -0.22°C and -0.43°C. Which claim is closer to the mark?

1897. NasaGisTemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1897 is -0.15°C and -0.28°C. Which claim is closer to the mark?

1896. NasaGisTemp

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1896 is -0.27°C and -0.37°C. Which claim is closer to the mark?

1895. NasaGisTemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1895 is -0.33°C and -0.43°C. Therefore:-

[The global temperature anomaly for 1885 given in degrees centigrade] minus [-0.33°C] is equal to [what (?) number of degrees centigrade ± (what (?) number of degrees centigrade)].

Thursday, 26 January 2017

1894. NasaGisTemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1894 is -0.34°C and -0.51°C. Which claim is closer to the mark?

1893. NasaGistemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1893 is -0.39°C and -0.64°C. Which claim is closer to the mark?

1892. NasaGisTemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1892 is -0.40°C and -0.60°C.

Which (?) option is the case for the global temperature anomaly of 1892:-

Option 1. -0.40°C is closer to the mark than -0.60°C.
Option 2. -0.40°C is further from the mark than -0.60°C.
Option 3. -0.40°C is just as close to the mark as -0.60°C.

1891. NasaGisTemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1891 is -0.56°C and -0.66°C.

Which (?) option is the case for the global temperature anomaly of 1891:-

Option 1. -0.56°C is closer to the mark than -0.66°C.
Option 2. -0.56°C is further from the mark than -0.66°C.
Option 3. -0.56°C is just as close to the mark as -0.66°C.

1890. NasaGisTemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1890 is -0.22°C and -0.65°C.

Which (?) option is the case for the global temperature anomaly of 1890:-

Option 1. -0.22°C is closer to the mark than -0.65°C.
Option 2. -0.22°C is further from the mark than -0.65°C.
Option 3. -0.22°C is just as close to the mark as -0.65°C.

1899. NOAA.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1899 is -0.1701°C and -0.1649°C.

-0.1701°C is {what number of degrees centigrade? ± (what number of degrees centigrade?)} closer to, or further from, the mark than -0.1649°C.

1898. NOAA.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1898 is -0.3699°C and -0.3636°C.

-0.3699°C is {what number of degrees centigrade ± (what number of degrees centigrade)} closer to, or further from, the mark than -0.3636°C ?

1897. NOAA.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1897 is -0.3032°C and -0.3093°C.

-0.3032°C is {what number of degrees centigrade ± (what number of degrees centigrade)} closer to, or further from, the mark, than -0.3093°C ?

1896. NOAA

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1896 is -0.2786°C and -0.2851°C.

Is -0.2786°C closer to, or further from, the mark, than -0.2851°C ?

1895. NOAA

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1895 is -0.4042°C and -0.4132°C.

Is -0.4042°C closer to, or further from, the mark, than -0.4132°C ?

Wednesday, 25 January 2017

1894. NOAA.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1894 is -0.3425°C and -0.3523°C.

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1894 is +101.9976, then a guess of -0.3425°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1894, is 102.3401°C too low, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1894 is -23.4291°C, then a guess of -0.3523°C, for the annual global land temperature anomaly” of 1894, is 23.7814°C too high, is it not?

If the annual ”global land temperatureanomaly” for 1894 is neither +101.9976°C nor -23.4291°C, then a guess of either -0.3425°C or -0.3523°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1894, is [what (?) number of degrees centigrade ± {what (?) number of degrees centigrade}] too low or too high.

1893. NOAA.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1893 is -0.5630°C and -0.5602°C.

If the annual annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1893 is +56.7691°C, then a guess of -0.5630°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1893, is 57.3321°C too low, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1893 is -88.4568°C, then a guess of -0.5602°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1893, is 87.8966°C too high, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1893 is neither +56.7691°C nor -88.4568°C, then a guess of either -0.5630°C or -0.5602°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1893, is {what number (?) of degrees centigrade ± (what number (?) of degrees centigrade)} too low or too high.

1892. NOAA.

In December 2016, the National Oceanic and Atmposheric Administration (NOAA) claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1892 is -0.5105°C.

In January 2017,  NOAA claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1892 is -0.5036°C.

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1892 is +82.4952°C, then a guess of -0.5105°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1892, is 83.0057°C too low, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1892 is -54.6712°C, then a guess of -0.5036°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1892, is 54.1676°C too high, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1892 is neither +82.4952°C nor -54.6712°C, then a guess of either -0.5105°C or -0.5036°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1892, is {what number of degrees centigrade ± (what number of degrees centigrade)} too low or too high?

1891. NOAA.

In December 2016, the National Oceanic and Atmposheric Administration (NOAA) claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1891 is -0.5490°C.

In January 2017,  NOAA claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1891 is -0.5394°C.

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1891 is +66.4932°C, then a guess of -0.5490°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1891, is 67.0422°C too low, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1891 is -76.8976°C, then a guess of -0.5394°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1891, is 76.3582°C too high, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1891 is neither +66.4932°C nor -76.8976°C, then a guess of either -0.5490°C or -0.5394°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1891, is {what number of degrees centigrade ± (what number of degrees centigrade)} too low or too high?

Tuesday, 24 January 2017

1890. NOAA.

In December 2016, the National Oceanic and Atmposheric Administration (NOAA) claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1890 is -0.4812°C.

In January 2017,  NOAA claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1890 is -0.4737°C.

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1890 is -0.4812°C, then a guess of -0.4737°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1890, is 0.0075°C too high, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1890 is -0.4737°C, then a guess of -0.4812°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1890, is 0.0075°C too low, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1890 is neither -0.4812°C nor -0.4737°C, then a guess of either -0.4812°C or -0.4737°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1890, is {what number of degrees centigrade ± (what number of degrees centigrade)} too high or too low ?

1889. NOAA.

In December 2016, the National Oceanic and Atmposheric Administration (NOAA) claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1889 is -0.3017°C.

In January 2017,  NOAA claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1889 is -0.2802°C.

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1889 is -0.3017, then a guess of -0.2802°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1889, is 0.0205°C too high, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1889 is -0.2802°C, then a guess of -0.3017°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1889, is 0.0205°C too low, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1889 is neither -0.3017°C nor -0.2802°C, then a guess of either -0.3017°C or -0.2802°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1889, is {what number of degrees centigrade ± (what number of degrees centigrade)} too high or too low ?

1888. NOAA.

In December 2016, the National Oceanic and Atmposheric Administration (NOAA) claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1888 is -0.4592°C.

In January 2017,  NOAA claimed, that the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for the January-to-December calendar year 1888 is -0.4284°C.

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1888 is -0.4592, then a guess of -0.4284°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1888, is 0.0308°C too high, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1888 is -0.4284°C, then a guess of -0.4592°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1888, is 0.0308°C too low, is it not?

If the annual “global land temperature anomaly” for 1888 is neither -0.4592°C nor -0.4284°C, then a guess of either -0.4592°C or -0.4284°C, for the annual “global land temperature anomaly” of 1888, is {what number of degrees centigrade ± (what number of degrees centigrade)} too high or too low ?

Global land and ocean temperatures. January 2010 to December 2010.

The National Oceanic and Atmopheric Administration (NOAA) has published “data” which entail the following “theorems”:-

During January 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.60°C higher than 12°C, the latter of which (12°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one-hundred Januarys from 1901 to 2000, such that during January 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 12.6°C.

During February 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.60°C higher than 12.1°C, the latter of which (12.1°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one-hundred Februarys from 1901 to 2000, such that during February 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 12.7°C.

During March 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.77°C higher than 12.7°C, the latter of which (12.7°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one-hundred Marches from 1901 to 2000, such that during March 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 13.47°C.

During April 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.76°C higher  than 13.7°C, the latter of which (13.7°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one-hundred Aprils from 1901 to 2000, such that during April 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 14.46°C.

During May 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.69°C higher than 14.8°C, the latter of which (14.8°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one-hundred Mays from 1901 to 2000, such that during May 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 15.49°C.

During June 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.68°C higher than 15.5°C, the latter of which (15.5°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one-hundred Junes from 1901 to 2000, such that during June 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 16.18°C.

During July 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surface temperatures combined, is 0.66°C higher than 15.8°C, the latter of which (15.8°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one-hundred Julys from 1901 to 2000, such that during July 2010, the average gobal temperature, for land and ocean sufaces combined, is 16.46°C.

During August 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.6°C higher than 15.6°C, the latter of which (15.6°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one hundred Augusts from 1901 to 2000, such that during August 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 16.2°C.

During September 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.5°C higher than 15°C, the latter of which (15°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one-hundred Septembers from 1901 to 2000, such that during September 2010, the average global temperature, for land and surfaces combined, is 15.5°C.

During October 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.54°C higher than 14°C, the latter of which (14°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one-hundred Octobers from 1901 to 2000, such that during October 2010, the average global temperature, for land and and ocean surfaces combined, is 14.54°C.

During November 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.69°C higher than 12.9°C, the latter of which (12.9°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces  combined, during the one-hundred Novembers from 1901 to 2000, such that during November 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces, is 13.59°C.

During December 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.37°C higher than 12.2°C, the latter of which (12.2°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one-hundred Decembers from 1901 to 2000, such that during December 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 12.57°C.

During the twelve months from January 2010 to December 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.58°C higher than 13.9°C, the latter of which (13.9°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, during the one-hundred January-to-December calendar years from 1901 to 2000, such that during the twelve months from January 2010 to December 2010, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 14.48°C.

During the twelve months from January 1902 to December 1902, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 0.33°C below 16.5°C, the latter of which (16.5°C) is the average global temperature, for land and surfaces combined, during the thirty calendar years from 1961 to 1990, such that during the twelve months from January 1902 to December 1902, the average global temperature, for land and ocean surfaces combined, is 16.17°C.

Monday, 23 January 2017

Global ocean surface temperatures. January 2010 to December 2010.

January 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during January 2010 is 0.52°C higher than 15.8°C, the latter of which (15.8°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Januarys from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during January 2010 is 16.52°C.

February 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during February 2010 is 0.54°C higher than 15.9°C, the latter of which (15.9°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Februarys from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, of February 2010 is 16.44°C.

March 2010.The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during March 2010 is 0.56°C higher than 15.9°C, the latter of which (15.9°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Marches from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during March 2010 is 16.46°C.

April 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during April 2010 is 0.57°C higher than 16°C, the latter of which (16°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Aprils from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during April 2010 is 16.57°C.

May 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during May 2010 is 0.55°C higher than 16.3°C, the latter of which (16.3°C) is the 20th average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Mays from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during May 2010 is 16.83°C.

June 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during June 2010 is 0.54°C higher than 16.4°C, the latter of which (16.4°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Junes from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during June 2010 is 16.94°C.

July 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during July 2010 is 0.54°C higher than 16.4°C, the latter of which (16.4°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Julys from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global temperature,for ocean surfaces, during July 2010 is 16.94°C.

August 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during August 2010 is 0.50°C higher than 16.4°C, the latter of which (16.4°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Augusts from 1901 to 2000, such  that the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during August 2010 is 16.9°C.

September 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during September 2010 is 0.44°C higher than 16.2°C, the latter of which (16.2°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Septembers from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global temperature, the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during September 2010 is 16.62°C.

October 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during October 2010 is 0.40°C higher than 15.9°C, the latter of which (15.9°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Octobers from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during October 2010 is 16.3°C.

November 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during November 2010 is 0.39°C higher than 15.8°C, the latter of which (15.8°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Novembers from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during November 2010 is 16.19°C.

December 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during December 2010 is 0.36°C higher than 15.7°C, the latter of which (15.7°C) is the 20th century average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred Decembers from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during December 2010 is 16.06°C.

January 2010 to December 2010. The average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the twelve months from January 2010 to December 2010, is 0.46°C higher than 16.1°C, the latter of which (16.1°C) is the 20th average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the one-hundred calendar years from 1901 to 2000, such that the average gobal temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the twelve months from January 2010 to December 2010, is 16.56°C.

January 1901 to December 1901. The average gobal temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the twelve months from January 1901 to December 1901, is 0.21°C below 17.5°C, the latter of which (17.5°C) is the average global temperature, for ocean surfaces, during the thirty calendar years from 1961 to 1990, such that the average global temperature, for ocean ocean surfaces, during the twelve months from January 1901 to December 1901, is 17.29°C.

Sunday, 22 January 2017

January 2010 to December 2010. Global Land.

January 2010. The average global land surface temperature for January 2010 is 0.83°C higher than 2.8°C, the latter of which is the 20th average global land surface temperature for the one-hundred Januarys from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature for January 2010 is 3.63°C.

February 2010. The average global land surface temperature for February 2010 is 0.75°C higher than 3.2°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average global land surface temperature for the one-hundred Februarys from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature for February 2010 is 3.95°C.

March 2010. The average global land surface temperature March 2010 is 1.36°C higher than 5°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average global land surface temperature for the one-hundred Marches from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature for March 2010 is 6.36°C.

April 2010. The average global land surface temperature for April 2010 is 1.29°C higher than 8.1°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average global land surface for the one-hundred Aprils from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature for April 2010 is 9.39°C.

May 2010. The average global land surface temperature for May 2010 is 1.04°C higher than 11.1°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average global land surface temperature for the one-hundred Mays from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature for May 2010 is 12.14°C.

June 2010. The average global land surface temperature June 2010 is 1.07°C higher than 13.3°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average global land surface temperature for the one-hundred Junes from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature is 14.37°C.

July 2010. The average global land surface temperature for July 2010 is 1.03°C higher than 14.3°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average globa land surface temperature for the one-hundred Julys from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature for July 2010 is 15.33°C.

August 2010.The average gobal land surface temperature for August 2010 is 0.90°C higher than 13.8°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average global land surface temperature for the one-hundred Augusts from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature for August 2010 is 14.70°C.

September 2010. The average global land surface temperature for September 2010 is 0.66°C higher than 12.0°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average global land surface temperature for the one-hundred Septembers from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature for September 2010 is 12.66°C.

October 2010. The average global land surface temperature for October 2010 is 0.91°C higher than 9.3°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average global land surface temperature for the one-hundred Octobers from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature for October 2010 is 10.21°C. 

November 2010. The average global land surface temperature for November 2010 is 1.52° higher than 5.9°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average global land surface temperature for the one-hundred Novembers from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature for November 2010 is 7.42°C.

December 2010. The average global land surface temperature for December 2010 is 0.38°C higher than 3.7°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average global land surface temperature for the one-hundred Decembers from 1901 to 2000, such that the average global land surface temperature for December 2010 is 4.08°C.

January 2010 to December 2010. The average global land surface temperature for the twelve months from January 2010 to December 2010 is 9.52°C, which is 1.02°C higher than 8.5°C, the latter of which is the 20th century average global land surface temperature for the one-hundred calendar years from 1901 to 2000.

January 1900 to December 1900. The average global land surface temperature for the twelve months from January 1900 to December 1900 is 0.16°C lower than 14.1°C, the latter of which is the average global land surface temperature for the thirty calendar years from 1961 to 1990, such that the average global land surface temperature for the twelve months from January 1900 to December 1900 is 13.94°C, which is 4.42°C higher than the average global land surface temperature for the twelve months from January 2010 to December 2010.

Saturday, 21 January 2017

1887. HadCrut4

HadCrut4 has had several reincarnations since its initial release. Below are two claims for the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1887, as per HadCrut4.1.1.0.

Claim (A). The global temperature anomaly for 1887 is no lower than -0.551°C and no higher than  -0.285°C.
Claim (B). The global temperature anomaly  for 1887 is no lower than -0.654°C and no higher than -0.182°C.

Claim (A) is as per the annual series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Claim (B) is as per the monthly series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Click here for the official explanation of what all the numbers mean.

If the global  temperature anomaly for 1887 is -0.551°C, then a guess of -0.182°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1887, is 0.369°C too high, is it not?

If the global temperature anomaly for 1887 is -0.285°C, then a guess of -0.654°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1887, is 0.369°C too low, is it not?

If the global temperature anomaly for 1887 is neither -0.551°C nor -0.285°C, then a guess of either -0.654°C or -0.182°C, for the global temperature anomaly of 1887, is {what number of degrees centigrade±(what number of degrees centigrade) ?} too high or too low.

Friday, 20 January 2017

1886. NasaGisTemp

NasaGisTemp has claimed that:-

The global temperature anomaly for January 1886 is -0.46°C and -0.87°C.

The global temperature anomaly for February 1886 is -0.45°C and -0.95°C.

The global temperature anomaly for March 1886 is -0.41°C and -0.79°C.

The global temperature anomaly for April 1886 is -0.16°C and -0.69°C.

The global temperature anomaly for May 1886 is -0.14°C and -0.63°C.

The global temperature anomaly for June 1886 is -0.15°C and -0.96°C.

The global temperature anomaly for July 1886 is -0.10°C and -0.47°C.

The global temperature anomaly for August 1886 is -0.19°C and -0.81°C.

The global temperature anomaly for September 1886 is -0.23°C and -0.49°C.

The global temperature anomaly for October 1886 is -0.64°C and -0.87°C.

The global temperature anomaly for November 1886 is +0.03°C and -0.56°C.

The global temperature anomaly for December 1886 is -0.18°C and -0.83°C.

The annual global temperature anomaly for {the January-to-December calendar year} 1886 is -0.26°C and -0.74°C.

If the annual global temperature anomaly for 1886 is -0.26°C, then a guess of -0.74°C for the annual global temperature anomaly of 1886 is 0.48°C too low, is it not?

If the annual global temperature anomaly for 1886 is -0.74°C, then a guess of -0.26°C for the annual global temperature anomaly of 1886 is 0.48°C too high, it not?

If the annual global temperature anomaly for 1886 is neither -0.26°C nor -0.74°C, then a guess of either -0.26°C or -0.74°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1886 is what number of degrees centigrade too low or too high?

1885. NasaGisTemp.

NasaGisTemp has claimed that:-

The global temperature anomaly for January 1885 is -0.57°C and -1.08°C.

The global temperature anomaly for February 1885 is -0.48°C and -0.89°C.

The global temperature anomaly for March 1885 is -0.55°C and -1.01°C.

The global temperature anomaly for April 1885 is -0.47°C and -1.06°C.

The global temperature anomaly for May 1885 is -0.38°C and -0.63°C.

The global temperature anomaly for June 1885 is -0.58°C and -1.01°C.

The global temperature anomaly for July 1885 is -0.12°C and -0.72°C.

The global temperature anomaly for August 1885 is +0.06°C and -0.24°C.

The global temperature anomaly for September 1885 is -0.11°C and -0.19°C.

The global temperature anomaly for October 1885 is +0.26°C and -0.18°C.

The global temperature anomaly for November 1885 is -0.26°C and -0.46°C.

The global temperature anomaly for December 1885 is +0.35°C and -0.19°C.

The global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1885 is -0.24°C and -0.64°C.

1884. NasaGisTemp

NasaGisTemp has made the following claims about global temperature anomalies during the calendar year 1884:-


01/1884......The global temperature anomaly is... -0.19°C and -0.65°C.
02/1884.....The global temperature anomaly i...s +0.10°C and -0.51°C.
03/1884.........T global temperature anoma.l...y is -0.25°C and -0.63°C.
04/1884.........T.global temperature anoma....ly is -0.74°C and -1.04°C.
05/1884.........The .bal temperature anom....aly is -0.75°C and -1.29°C.
06/1884.........The gl..l temperature ano.m..aly. is -0.48°C and -0.93°C.
07/1884.........The global temperature a...ma.ly is -0.56°C and -1.00°C.
08/1884.........The global temperature a...no..ly is -0.13°C and -0.01°C.
09/1884.........The global temperature o...ma.ly is -0.22°C and -0.49°C.
10/1884.........The global temperature ...om.aly is -0.41°C and -0.89°C.
11/1884.........The global temperature ...am.aly is -0.61°C and -0.95°C.
12/1884.........The global temperae an...om.aly is -0.86°C and -1.10°C.

What's to stop NasaGisTemp from claiming, that global temperature anomalies during the calendar year 1884 are whatever NasaGisTemp wants them to be?




November 1883. NasaGisTemp

NasaGisTemp has claimed, the global temperature “anomaly” for October 1883 is -0.40°C and -0.83°C.

Thursday, 19 January 2017

September 1883. NasaGisTemp

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the global temperature anomaly for September 1883 is -0.29°C, and -0.61°C.

On the assumption, that the concept of “global temperature anomalies” is not entirely meaningless, your task, if you feel up to it, is to verify which one of the following four options is the case for the global temperature anomaly of September 1883:-

Option 1. It is both -0.29°C and -0.61°C..
Option 2. It is -0.29°C and it is not -0.61°C..
Option 3. It is not -0.29°C and it is -0.61°C..
Option 4. It is neither -0.29°C nor -0.61°C.

If Option 4 is the case, then the global temperature anomaly for September 1883 is what number of degrees centigrade ?

August 1883. NasaGisTemp

NasaGisTemp has claimed, that the global temperature anomaly for August 1883 is -0.01°C, and -0.32°C.

On the assumption, that the concept of “global temperature anomalies” is not entirely meaningless, your task, if you feel up to it, is to verify which one of the following four options is the case for the global temperature anomaly of August 1883:-

Option 1. It is both -0.01°C and -0.32°C..
Option 2. It is -0.01°C and it is not -0.32°C..
Option 3. It is not -0.01°C and it is -0.32°C..
Option 4. It is neither -0.01°C nor -0.32°C.

If Option 4 is the case, then the global temperature anomaly for August 1883 is {what number ?}°C.

July 1883. NasaGisTemp

NasaGistemp has claimed, that the global temperature anomaly for July 1883 is +0.19°C, and -0.18°C.

On the assumption, that the concept of “global temperature anomalies” is not entirely meaningless, your task, if you feel up to it, is to verify which one of the following four options is the case for July 1883:-

Option 1. The global temperature anomaly is both +0.19°C and -0.18°C..
Option 2. The global temperature anomaly is +0.19°C and is not -0.18°C..
Option 3. The global temperature anomaly is not +0.19°C and is -0.18°C..
Option 4. The global temperature anomaly is neither +0.19°C nor -0.18°C.

N.B., if it's impossible to verify, that any one of the above options is not the case, then it's impossible to verify, that any one of the three other options is the case.

June 1883. NasaGisTemp

NasaGistemp has claimed, that the global temperature anomaly for June 1883 is +0.55°C, and +0.27°C.

On the assumption, that the concept of “global temperature anomalies” is not entirely meaningless, your task, if you feel up to it, is to verify which one of the following four options is the case for June 1883:-

Option 1. The global temperature anomaly is both +0.55°C and +0.27°C..
Option 2. The global temperature anomaly is +0.55°C and is not +0.27°C..
Option 3. The global temperature anomaly is not +0.55°C and is +0.27°C..
Option 4. The global temperature anomaly is neither +0.55°C nor +0.27°C.

N.B., if it's impossible to verify, that any one of the above options is not the case, then it's impossible to verify, that any one of the three other options is the case.

May 1883. NasaGisTemp

NasaGistemp has claimed, that the global temperature anomaly for May 1883 is +0.00°C, and -0.49°C.

On the assumption, that the concept of “global temperature anomalies” is not entirely meaningless, your task, if you feel up to it, is to verify which one of the following four options is the case:-

Option 1. The global temperature anomaly for May 1883 is both +0.00°C and -0.49°C.
Option 2. The global temperature anomaly for May 1883 is +0.00°C, and is not -0.49°C.
Option 3. The global temperature anomaly for May 1883 is -0.49°C, and is not +0.00°C.
Option 4. The global temperature anomaly for May 1883 is neither +0.00°C nor -0.49°C.

N.B., if it's impossible to verify, that Option 4 is not the case, then it's impossible to verify, that any one of the three remaining options is the case.

April 1883. NasaGisTemp

NasaGistemp has claimed, that the global temperature anomaly for April 1883 is +0.16°C, and -0.45°C.

On the assumption, that the concept of “global temperature anomalies” is not entirely meaningless, your task, if you feel up to it, is to verify which one of the following four options is the case:-

Option 1. The global temperature anomaly for April 1883 is both +0.16°C and -0.45°C.
Option 2. The global temperature anomaly for April 1883 is +0.16°C, and is not -0.45°C.
Option 3. The global temperature anomaly for April 1883 is -0.45°C, and is not +0.16°C.
Option 4. The global temperature anomaly for April 1883 is neither +0.16°C nor -0.45°C.

March 1883. NasaGistemp.

NasaGistemp has claimed, that the global temperature anomaly for March 1883 is -0.04°C, and -0.61°C.

On the assumption, that the concept of “global temperature anomalies” is not entirely meaningless, your task, if you feel up to it, is to verify which one of the following four options is the case:-

Option 1. The global temperature anomaly for March 1883 is both -0.04°C and -0.61°C.
Option 2. The global temperature anomaly for March 1883 is -0.04°C, and is not -0.61°C.
Option 3. The global temperature anomaly for March 1883 is -0.61°C, and is not -0.04°C.
Option 4. The global temperature anomaly for March 1883 is neither -0.04°C nor -0.61°C.

Wednesday, 18 January 2017

February 1883. NasaGisTemp.

Below are two claims for the global temperature anomaly of February 1883, according to two editions of NasaGisTemp's  ensemble of global temperature anomalies, “Global Mean Estimates Based on Land-Surface Air Temperature Anomalies Only (Meteorological Station Data, dTs)”:-

Claim (A). The global temperature anomaly for February 1883 is -0.55°C.
Claim (B). The global temperature anomaly for February 1883 is -1.01°C.

On the assumption, that the global temperature anomaly for February 1883 cannot be both -0.55°C and -1.01°C:-

If the global temperature anomaly for February 1883 is -0.55°C, then a guess of -1.01°C for the global temperature anomaly of February 1883 is 0.46°C too low, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for February 1883 is -1.01°C, then a guess of -0.55°C for the global temperature anomaly of February 1883 is 0.46°C too high, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for February 1883 is neither -0.55°C nor -1.01°C, then a guess of either -0.55°C or -1.01°C is {what number of degrees centigrade ?} too low or too high? 

January 1883. HadCrut4.

The Hadley Centre of the United Kingdom's Meteorological Office and The Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia jointly produce HadCrut4.

Below are two claims for the global temperature anomaly of January 1883 according to two editions of the Climatic Research Unit's version of HadCrut4.

Claim (A). The global temperature anomaly for January 1883 is -0.414°C.
Claim (B). The global temperature anomaly for January 1883 is -0.411°C.

On the assumption, that the global temperature anomaly for January 1883 cannot be both -0.414°C and -0.411°C:-

If the global temperature anomaly for January 1883 is -0.414°C, then a guess of -0.411°C for the global temperature anomaly of January 1883 is 0.003°C too high, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for January 1883 is -0.411°C, then a guess of -0.414°C for the global temperature anomaly of January 1883 is 0.003°C too low, is it not? If the global temperature anomaly for January 1883 is neither -0.414°C nor -0.411°C, then a guess of either -0.411°C or -0.414°C for the global temperature anomaly of January 1883 is {what number of degrees centigrade ?} too high or too low. 

1882. HadCrut4

HadCrut4 has had several reincarnations since its initial release. Below are two claims for the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1882, as per HadCrut4.1.1.0.

Claim (A). The global temperature anomaly for 1882 is between -0.361°C and  -0.068°C.
Claim (B). The global temperature anomaly  for 1882 is between -0.470°C and +0.042°C.

Claim (A) is as per the annual series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Claim (B) is as per the monthly series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Click here for the official explanation of what all the numbers mean.

If the global  temperature anomaly for 1882 is -0.361°C, then a guess of +0.042°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1882 is 0.403°C too high, is it not?

If the global temperature anomaly for 1882 is -0.068°C, then a guess of -0.470°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1882 is 0.402°C too low, is it not?

If the global temperature anomaly for 1882 is neither -0.361°C nor -0.068°C, then a guess of either -0.467°C or +0.058°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1881 is {what number of degrees centigrade ± what number of degrees centigrade ?) too high or too low.

1881. HadCrut4.

HadCrut4 has had several reincarnations since its initial release. Below are two claims for the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1881, as per HadCrut4.1.1.0.

Claim (A). The global temperature anomaly for 1881 is between -0.356°C and  -0.053°C.
Claim (B). The global temperature anomaly  for 1881 is between -0.467°C and +0.058°C.

Claim (A) is as per the annual series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Claim (B) is as per the monthly series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Click here for the official explanation of what all the numbers mean.

If the global  temperature anomaly for 1881 is -0.356°C, then a guess of +0.058°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1881 is 0.414°C too high, is it not?

If the global temperature anomaly for 1881 is -0.053°C, then a guess of -0.467°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1881 is 0.414°C too low, is it not?

If the global temperature anomaly for 1881 is neither -0.356°C nor -0.053°C, then a guess of either -0.467°C or +0.058°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1881 is {what number of degrees centigrade ± what number of degrees centigrade ?) too high or too low.

1880. HadCrut4.

HadCrut4 has had several reincarnations since its initial release. Below are two claims for the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1880, as per HadCrut4.1.1.0.

Claim (A). The global temperature anomaly for 1880 is between -0.377°C and  -0.077°C.
Claim (B). The global temperature anomaly  for 1880 is between -0.496°C and +0.042°C.

Claim (A) is as per the annual series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Claim (B) is as per the monthly series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Click here for the official explanation of what all the numbers mean.

If the global  temperature anomaly for 1880 is -0.377°C, then a guess of +0.042°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1880 is 0.419°C too high, is it not?

If the global temperature anomaly for 1880 is -0.077°C, then a guess of -0.496°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1880 is 0.419°C too low, is it not?

If the global temperature anomaly for 1880 is neither -0.377°C nor -0.077°C, then a guess of either -0.496°C or +0.042°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1880 is {what number of degrees centigrade ?) too high or too low.

1879. HadCrut4.

HadCrut4 has had several reincarnations since its initial release. Below are two claims for the annual global temperature anomaly for the January-to-December calendar year 1879, as per HadCrut4.1.1.0.

Claim (A). The global temperature anomaly for 1879 is between -0.380°C and  -0.085°C.
Claim (B). The global temperature anomaly  for 1879 is between -0.505°C and +0.040°C.

Claim (A) is as per the annual series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Claim (B) is as per the monthly series of HadCrut4.1.1.0. Click here for the official explanation of what all the numbers mean.

If the global  temperature anomaly for 1879 is -0.380°C, then a guess of +0.040°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1879 is 0.420°C too high, is it not?

If the global temperature anomaly for 1879 is -0.085°C, then a guess of -0.505°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1879 is 0.420°C too low, is it not?

If the global temperature anomaly for 1879 is neither -0.380°C nor -0.085°C, then a guess of either -0.505°C or +0.040°C for the global temperature anomaly of 1879 is {what number of degrees centigrade ?) too high or too low.

Tuesday, 17 January 2017

NOAA: average monthly global temperatures from December 2015 to November 2016.

December 2015. “The December 2015 globally-averaged temperature across land and ocean surfaces was 1.11°C (2.00°F) above the 20th century average of 12.2°C (54.0°F)”. such that the globally averaged temperature across land and ocean surfaces for December 2015 is 13.31°C.

January 2016. “The January 2016 globally-averaged temperature across land and ocean surfaces was 1.04°C (1.87°F) above the 20th century average of 12.0°C (53.6°F)”, such that the globally-averaged temperature across land and ocean surfaces for January 2016 is 13.04°C.

February 2016. “The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for February 2016 was the highest for February in the 137-year period of record, at 1.21°C (2.18°F) above the 20th century average of 12.1°C (53.9°F)”, such that the combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for February 2016 is 13.31°C.

March 2016. “The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for March 2016 was the highest for this month in the 1880–2016 record, at 1.22°C (2.20°F) above the 20th century average of 12.7°C (54.9°F)”, such that the combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for March 2016 is 13.92°C.

April 2016. “The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for April 2016 was 1.10°C (1.98°F) above the 20th century average of 13.7°C (56.7°F)”, such that the combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for April 2016 is 14.8°C.

May 2016. “The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for May 2016 was the highest for May in the 137-year period of record, at 0.87°C (1.57°F) above the 20th century average of 14.8°C (58.6°F)”, such that the combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for May 2016 is 15.67°C.

June 2016. “The June 2016 combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces was 0.90°C (1.62°F) above the 20th century average” of 15.5°C, such that the combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for June 2016 is 16.4°C.

July 2016. “The July 2016 combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces was 0.87°C (1.57°F) above the 20th century average” of 15.8°C, such that the combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for July 2016 is 16.67°C.

August 2016. “The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for August 2016 was ..... 0.92°C (1.66°F) above the 20th century average of 15.6°C (60.1°F)”, such that the combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for August 2016 is 16.52°C. 

September 2016. The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for September 2016 is 0.89°C above the 20th century average of 15°C, such that the combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for September 2016 is 15.89°C.

October 2016. “The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for October 2016 tied with 2003 as the third highest for October in the 137-year period of record, at 0.73°C (1.31°F) above the 20th century average of 14.0°C (57.1°F)”, such that the combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for October 2016 is 15.31°C.

November 2016. “The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for November 2016 was ..... 0.73°C (1.31°F) above the 20th century average of 12.9°C (55.2°F)”, such that the combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces for November 2016 is 13.63°C.

On the basis of the figures above, for land and ocean surfaces combined, the average global temperature for the twelve months from December 2015 to November 2016 should be 14.87°C. According to NOAA's document, “The climate of 1997”, for land and ocean surfaces combined, the annual global temperature of {the January-to-December calendar year 1907} is 0.50°C below the 1961 to 1990 average global temperature of 16.5°C, such that the annual global temperature of 1907 is 16°C, which is the lowest annual global temperature for any calendar years from 1900 to 1997. When NOAA published “The climate of 1997” in January 1998, nobody, except the most deranged of global warming deniers, doubted its veracity. If “The climate of 1997” was not false in January 1998, why should it be false in January 2017?