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NOAA, January 1998. For land and ocean surfaces combined, the average global temperature of the calendar year 1907 is 0·50ºC below the average global temperature of 16·50ºC for the thirty calendar years from 1961 to 1990, such that the annual global temperature of 1907 is 16·00ºC, which is the lowest annual global temperature for any calendar year from 1900 to 1997.
NOAA, January 2017. For land and ocean surfaces combined, the average global temperature of the calendar year 2016 is 0·94ºC above the average global temperature of 13·9ºC for the one-hundred calendar years from 1901 to 2000, such that the annual global temperature of 2016 is 14·84ºC, which is the highest annual global temperature for any calendar year from 1880 to 2016.

Saturday, 31 December 2016

1894.

How (?) did NOAA verify, that the annual  global land temperature “anomaly” for the calendar year 1894 was -0.3425°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.3527°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1893.

How (?) did NOAA verify, that the annual  global land temperature “anomaly” for the calendar year 1893 was -0.5545°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.5630°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1892.

How (?) did NOAA verify, that the annual  global land temperature “anomaly” for the calendar year 1892 was -0.5088°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.5105°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1891.

How (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  global land temperature “anomaly” for the calendar year 1891 was -0.5517°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.5490°C on the 27th of December 2016.

Friday, 30 December 2016

1890.

How (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  global land temperature “anomaly” for the calendar year 1890 was -0.4789°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.4812°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1889.

How (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  global land temperature “anomaly” for the calendar year 1889 was -0.3075°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.3017°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1888.

How (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  global land temperature “anomaly” for the calendar year 1888 was -0.4635°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.4592°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1887.

How (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  global land temperature “anomaly” for the calendar year 1887 was -0.4640°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.4466°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1886.

How (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  “global land temperature anomaly” for the calendar year 1886 was -0.4939°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.4733°C on the 27th of December 2016.

Thursday, 29 December 2016

1885.

How (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  “global land temperature anomaly” for the calendar year 1885 was -0.5148°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.4989°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1884.

How (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  “global land temperature anomaly” for the calendar year 1884 was -0.5943°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.5941°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1883.

How (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  “global land temperature anomaly” for the calendar year 1883 was -0.5837°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.5968°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1882.

How (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  “global land temperature anomaly” for the calendar year 1882 was -0.3835°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.4022°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1881

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  “global land temperature anomaly” for the calendar year 1881 was -0.4193°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.4231°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1880

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual  “global land temperature anomaly” for the calendar year 1880 was -0.4604°C on the 31st of October 2016, and -0.4500°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1926.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1926 was -0.0618°C on the 20th of November 2016, and -0.0599°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1925.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1925 was -0.1464°C on the 20th of November 2016, and -0.1442°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1924.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1924 was -0.2510°C on the 20th of November 2016, and -0.2464°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1923.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1923 was -0.2161°C on the 20th of November 2016, and -0.2122°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1922.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1922 was -0.2318°C on the 20th of November 2016, and -0.2277°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1921.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1921 was -0.1517°C on the 20th of November 2016, and -0.1451°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1920.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1920 was -0.2152°C on the 20th of November 2016, and -0.2081°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1919

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1919 was:-

0.0835°C lower than the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1880 on the 20th of November 2016, and 

0.0854°C lower than the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1880 on the 27th of December 2016.

Wednesday, 28 December 2016

1918.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1918 was -0.2118°C on the 20th of November 2016, and -0.2055°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1917.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1917 was -0.3193°C on the 20th of November 2016, and -0.3109°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1916.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1916 was -0.2979°C on the 20th of November 2016, and -0.2911°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1915.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) verify, that the global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1915 was -0.0747°C on the 20th of November 2016, and -0.0693°C on the 27th of December 2016.

1914.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) discover, that for a while during December 2016 the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1914 was 0.0042°C higher than it was for a while during November 2016.

1913.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) discover, that for a while during December 2016 the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1913 was 0.0023°C higher than it was for a while during November 2016.

1912.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) discover, that for a while during December 2016 the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1912 was 0.0019°C higher than it was for a while during November 2016.

1911.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) discover, that for a while during December 2016 the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1911 was 0.0011°C higher than it was for a while during November 2016.

1910.

If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) discover, that for a while during December 2016 the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1910 was 0.0042°C higher than it was for a while during November 2016.

1909.


If it did, how (?) did the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) discover, that for a while during December 2016 the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1909 was 0.0045°C higher than it was for a while during November 2016.

Tuesday, 27 December 2016

1908.

NOAA has published “data”, such that for some time during December 2016 the average global temperature of the earth during the calendar year 1908 was 0.0007°C higher than it was for some time during November 2016. Thus, according to NOAA(November 2016), the annual global temperature anomaly for 1908 is -0.4441°C, whereas according to NOAA(December 2016) the annual global temperature anomaly for 1908 is -0.4434°C.

-0.4441 plus 0.0007 equals -0.4434

The question is:-

If it did, how (?) did NOAA discover, that for some time during December 2016 the average global temperature of the earth during the calendar year 1908 was 0.0007°C higher than it was for some time during November 2016.

1907.

NOAA has published “data”, such that for some time in December 2016 the average global temperature of the earth during the calendar year 1907 was 0.0032°C higher than it was for some time during November 2016. Thus, according to NOAA(November 2016), the annual global temperature anomaly for 1907 is -0.3767°C, whereas according to NOAA(December 2016) the annual global temperature anomaly for 1907 is -0.3735°C.

-0.3767 plus 0.0032 equals -0.3735

The question is:-

If it did, how (?) did NOAA discover, that for some time in December 2016 the average global temperature of the earth during the calendar year 1907 was 0.0032°C higher than it was for some time during November 2016.

1906.

NOAA has published “data” which, if true, entail that at some time in December 2016, the average global temperature of the earth during the calendar year 1906 is 0.0015°C higher than it was at some time in November 2016. Thus, according to NOAA(November 2016), the annual global temperature anomaly for 1906 was -0.2208°C, whereas according to NOAA(December 2016), the annual global temperature anomaly for 1906 was -0.2193°C.

-0.2208 plus 0.0015 equals -0.2193.

The question is:-

If it did, how (?) did NOAA discover, that at some time in December 2016, the average global temperature of the earth during the year 1906 is 0.0015°C higher than it was at some time in November 2016. 

1905.

NOAA has published so called “data” which, if taken literally, entail that at some time in December 2016, the average  global temperature of the earth during the calendar year 1905 is 0.0013°C higher than it was at some time during November 2016. Thus, according to NOAA(November 2016), the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1905 is -0.2967°C, whereas according to NOAA(December 2016), the annual global temperature anomaly for the calendar year 1905 is -0.2954°C

-0.2954 minus 0.0013 equals -0.2967.

The question is:-

If it did, how (?) did NOAA discover, that  in December 2016, the average  global temperature of the earth during the calendar year 1905 is 0.0013°C higher than it was during November 2016.

September, October, November, & December, 1905.

At the dates shown below, NASA published the following Table Values for the months of September, October, November, and December, in the year 1905:-

Publication date        Sep. 1905             Oct. 1905            Nov. 1905             Dec. 1905
Month/year               Table Value          Table Value         Table Value           Table Value
12/2016                       -26                        -40                      -11                         -29
11/2016                       -24                        -37                        -9                         -27 
10/2016                       -24                        -38                      -10                         -27
09/2016                       -25                        -39                      -10                         -28
08/2016                       -25                        -41                      -12                         -28
07/2016                       -24                        -40                      -10                         -27
06/2016                       -23                        -37                        -9                         -26
05/2016                       -25                        -39                      -10                         -28
04/2016                       -24                        -37                        -8                         -26
03/2016                       -23                        -36                        -8                         -26
02/2016                       -25                        -38                        -9                         -27 
01/2016                       -25                        -38                        -9                         -27
12/2015                       -24                        -37                        -8                         -25 

E.g., in 12/2016 the Table Value for September 1905 was -26, and in 12/2015, the Table Value for September 1905 was -24.

As per NASA:- 

Divide by 100 to get changes in degrees Celsius (deg-C)
Multiply that result by 1.8(=9/5) to get changes in degrees Fahrenheit (deg-F).

Best estimate for absolute global mean for 1951-1980 is 14.0 deg-C or 57.2 deg-F, so add that to the temperature change if you want to use an absolute scale (this note applies to global annual means only, J-D and D-N !).

Example       --         Table Value : 40
                                        change : 0.40 deg-C or 0.72 deg-F 
abs. scale if global annual mean : 14.40 deg-C or 57.92 deg-F

I.e., according to NASA, if you divide the Table Value for an interval by one-hundred, then you obtain the global temperature anomaly (in degrees centigrade) for that interval.

May, June, July, & August, 1905.

At the dates shown below, NASA published the following Table Values for the months of May, June, July, and August, in the year 1905:-

Publication date        May. 1905            Jun. 1905            Jul. 1905                Aug. 1905
Month/year               Table Value          Table Value         Table Value           Table Value
12/2016                       -40                        -35                      -48                         -32
11/2016                       -38                        -32                      -47                         -30 
10/2016                       -38                        -34                      -47                         -31
09/2016                       -38                        -34                      -47                         -31
08/2016                       -38                        -34                      -46                         -30
07/2016                       -38                        -33                      -45                         -29
06/2016                       -36                        -32                      -44                         -29
05/2016                       -39                        -33                      -46                         -32
04/2016                       -35                        -32                      -44                         -30
03/2016                       -36                        -32                      -44                         -30
02/2016                       -37                        -33                      -44                         -31 
01/2016                       -36                        -32                      -45                         -30
12/2015                       -35                        -30                      -44                         -29 

E.g., in 12/2016 the Table Value for May 1905 was -40, and in 12/2015, the Table Value for May 1905 was -35.

As per NASA:- 

Divide by 100 to get changes in degrees Celsius (deg-C)
Multiply that result by 1.8(=9/5) to get changes in degrees Fahrenheit (deg-F).

Best estimate for absolute global mean for 1951-1980 is 14.0 deg-C or 57.2 deg-F, so add that to the temperature change if you want to use an absolute scale (this note applies to global annual means only, J-D and D-N !).

Example       --         Table Value : 40
                                        change : 0.40 deg-C or 0.72 deg-F 
abs. scale if global annual mean : 14.40 deg-C or 57.92 deg-F

I.e., according to NASA, if you divide the Table Value for an interval by one-hundred, then you obtain the global temperature anomaly (in degrees centigrade) for that interval.

January, February, March, & April, 1905.

At the dates shown below, NASA published the following Table Values for the months of January, February, March, and April, in the year 1905:-

Publication date        Jan. 1905              Feb. 1905            Mar. 1905             Apr. 1905
Month/year               Table Value          Table Value         Table Value           Table Value
12/2016                       -46                        -104                      -28                         -35
11/2016                       -44                        -101                      -26                         -34 
10/2016                       -45                        -102                      -26                         -34
09/2016                       -45                        -102                      -27                         -34
08/2016                       -45                        -101                      -28                         -36
07/2016                       -44                          -99                      -26                         -34
06/2016                       -43                        -101                      -25                         -32
05/2016                       -45                        -102                      -26                         -33
04/2016                       -40                          -98                      -23                         -29
03/2016                       -41                          -98                      -24                         -31
02/2016                       -43                        -100                      -25                         -32 
01/2016                       -41                          -99                      -25                         -31
12/2015                       -41                          -98                      -24                         -31 

E.g., in 12/2016 the Table Value for January 1905 was -46, and in 12/2015, the Table Value for January 1905 was -41.

As per NASA:- 

Divide by 100 to get changes in degrees Celsius (deg-C)
Multiply that result by 1.8(=9/5) to get changes in degrees Fahrenheit (deg-F).

Best estimate for absolute global mean for 1951-1980 is 14.0 deg-C or 57.2 deg-F, so add that to the temperature change if you want to use an absolute scale (this note applies to global annual means only, J-D and D-N !).

Example       --         Table Value : 40
                                        change : 0.40 deg-C or 0.72 deg-F 
abs. scale if global annual mean : 14.40 deg-C or 57.92 deg-F

I.e., according to NASA, if you divide the Table Value for an interval by one-hundred, then you obtain the global temperature anomaly (in degrees centigrade) for that interval.

Monday, 26 December 2016

September, October, November, & December, 1904.

At the dates shown below, NASA published the following Table Values for the months of September, October, November, and December, in the year 1904:-

Publication date        Sep. 1904            Oct. 1904             Nov. 1904             Dec. 1904
Month/year               Table Value          Table Value         Table Value           Table Value
12/2016                       -50                        -58                      -32                         -46
11/2016                       -48                        -56                      -29                         -44 
10/2016                       -48                        -57                      -31                         -45
09/2016                       -48                        -57                      -30                         -45
08/2016                       -48                        -56                      -30                         -45
07/2016                       -46                        -54                      -28                         -43
06/2016                       -47                        -55                      -29                         -43
05/2016                       -48                        -57                      -31                         -45
04/2016                       -45                        -52                      -26                         -39
03/2016                       -45                        -52                      -26                         -40
02/2016                       -45                        -53                      -26                         -40 
01/2016                       -44                        -52                      -24                         -39
12/2015                       -43                        -51                      -23                         -38 

E.g., in 12/2016 the Table Value for September 1904 was -50, and in 12/2015, the Table Value for September 1904 was -43.

As per NASA:- 

Divide by 100 to get changes in degrees Celsius (deg-C)
Multiply that result by 1.8(=9/5) to get changes in degrees Fahrenheit (deg-F).

Best estimate for absolute global mean for 1951-1980 is 14.0 deg-C or 57.2 deg-F, so add that to the temperature change if you want to use an absolute scale (this note applies to global annual means only, J-D and D-N !).

Example       --         Table Value : 40
                                        change : 0.40 deg-C or 0.72 deg-F 
abs. scale if global annual mean : 14.40 deg-C or 57.92 deg-F

I.e., if you divide the Table Value for an interval by one-hundred, then you obtain the global temperature anomaly (in degrees centigrade) for that interval.

May, June, July, & August, 1904.

At the dates shown below, NASA published the following Table Values for the months of May, June, August, and September, in the year 1904:-

Publication date        May. 1904            Jun. 1904            Jul. 1904               Aug. 1904
Month/year               Table Value          Table Value         Table Value           Table Value
12/2016                       -69                        -54                      -67                         -56
11/2016                       -67                        -51                      -65                         -53 
10/2016                       -68                        -53                      -65                         -54
09/2016                       -68                        -53                      -65                         -54
08/2016                       -68                        -53                      -64                         -54
07/2016                       -65                        -51                      -62                         -52
06/2016                       -66                        -51                      -63                         -52
05/2016                       -68                        -53                      -65                         -54
04/2016                       -66                        -49                      -61                         -50
03/2016                       -66                        -49                      -61                         -49
02/2016                       -66                        -49                      -62                         -51 
01/2016                       -64                        -48                      -61                         -50
12/2015                       -63                        -47                      -60                         -49 

E.g., in 12/2016 the Table Value for May 1904 was -69, and in 12/2015, the Table Value for May 1904 was -63.

According to NASA:- 

Divide by 100 to get changes in degrees Celsius (deg-C)
Multiply that result by 1.8(=9/5) to get changes in degrees Fahrenheit (deg-F).

Best estimate for absolute global mean for 1951-1980 is 14.0 deg-C or 57.2 deg-F, so add that to the temperature change if you want to use an absolute scale (this note applies to global annual means only, J-D and D-N !).

Example       --         Table Value : 40
                                        change : 0.40 deg-C or 0.72 deg-F 
abs. scale if global annual mean : 14.40 deg-C or 57.92 deg-F

I.e., if you divide the Table Value for an interval by one-hundred, then you obtain the global temperature anomaly (in degrees centigrade) for that interval.

Sunday, 25 December 2016

January, February, March, & April, 1904.

At the dates shown below, NASA published the following Table Values for the months of January, February, March, and April, in the year 1904:-

Publication date        Jan. 1904            Feb. 1904            Mar. 1904              Apr. 1904
Month/year               Table Value        Table Value         Table Value           Table Value
12/2016                      -84                      -81                      -61                         -49
11/2016                      -83                      -80                      -60                         -46 
10/2016                      -84                      -80                      -59                         -50
09/2016                      -82                      -78                      -59                         -48
08/2016                      -81                      -78                      -59                         -49
07/2016                      -81                      -76                      -56                         -47
06/2016                      -83                      -78                      -57                         -48
05/2016                      -83                      -80                      -59                         -49
04/2016                      -80                      -77                      -55                         -47
03/2016                      -80                      -76                      -54                         -46
02/2016                      -80                      -76                      -57                         -46 
01/2016                      -78                      -74                      -55                         -42
12/2015                      -77                      -73                      -54                         -42 

E.g., in 12/2016 the Table Value for January 1904 was -84, and in 12/2015, the Table Value for January 1904 was -77. According to NASA, if you divide the Table Value for an interval by one-hundred, then you obtain the global temperature anomaly (in degrees centigrade) for that interval.

Saturday, 24 December 2016

September, October, November, & December, 1903.

At the dates shown below, NASA published the following Table Values for the months of September, October, November, and December, in the year 1903:-

Publication date        Sep. 1903           Oct. 1903            Nov. 1903              Dec. 1903
Month/year               Table Value        Table Value         Table Value           Table Value
12/2016                      -47                      -55                      -52                         -67
11/2016                      -47                      -54                      -51                         -66 
10/2016                      -45                      -54                      -52                         -66
09/2016                      -46                      -53                      -51                         -65
08/2016                      -46                      -53                      -51                         -64
07/2016                      -44                      -51                      -49                         -63
06/2016                      -43                      -48                      -52                         -59
05/2016                      -45                      -54                      -52                         -66
04/2016                      -44                      -50                      -49                         -62
03/2016                      -43                      -49                      -48                         -61
02/2016                      -43                      -50                      -49                         -63 
01/2016                      -42                      -48                      -46                         -61
12/2015                      -41                      -47                      -46                         -59 

E.g., in 12/2016 the Table Value for September 1903 was -47, and in 12/2015, the Table Value for September 1903 was -41. According to NASA, if you divide the Table Value for an interval by one-hundred, then you obtain the global temperature anomaly (in degrees centigrade) for that interval.