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NOAA, January 1998. For land and ocean surfaces combined, the average global temperature of the calendar year 1907 is 0·50ºC below the average global temperature of 16·50ºC for the thirty calendar years from 1961 to 1990, such that the annual global temperature of 1907 is 16·00ºC, which is the lowest annual global temperature for any calendar year from 1900 to 1997.
NOAA, January 2017. For land and ocean surfaces combined, the average global temperature of the calendar year 2016 is 0·94ºC above the average global temperature of 13·9ºC for the one-hundred calendar years from 1901 to 2000, such that the annual global temperature of 2016 is 14·84ºC, which is the highest annual global temperature for any calendar year from 1880 to 2016.

Friday, 30 September 2016

April 1856's global temperature anomaly. July 2016 versus February 2013.

HadCrut 4.1.1.0. First month: January 1850. Final month: February 2013.
As per column 2, the “median” estimates for the anomalies of April 1856 and April 2012 are -0.372 and +0.525 respectively, such that the anomaly for April 1856 could be 0.897°C below the anomaly for April 2012. 

HadCrut 4.4.0.0.  First month: January 1850. Final month: July 2016.
As per column 2, the “median” estimates for the anomalies of April 1856 and April 2012 are -0.371°C and +0.575°C respectively, such that the anomaly for April 1856 could be 0.946°C below the anomaly for April 2012.

The anomaly for April 1856 could be anywhere in between {what number of degrees centigrade ?} above or below the anomaly for April 2012 ?

Thursday, 29 September 2016

March 1856's global temperature anomaly for land surfaces. July 2016 versus December 2010.

As per CruTem version 4.0.0.0.. First month: 01/1851. Last month: 12/2010.  
The “best” estimates for the anomalies of March 1856 and March 2010 are -1.257°C and 1.112°C respectively, such that the anomaly for March 1856 could be 2.369°C lower than the anomaly for March 2010. 

As per CruTem version 4.4.0.0.. First month: 01/1856. Last month: 07/2016
The “best” estimates for the anomalies of March 1856 and March 2010 are -1.327°C and +1.124°C respectvely, such that the anomaly for March 1856 could be 2.451°C lower than the anomaly for March 2010. 

The anomaly for March 1856 is {what number of degrees centigrade ?} higher than, or lower than, the anomaly for March 2010 ?

February 1856's global temperature anomaly for land surfaces. July 2016 versus December 2010.

As per CruTem version 4.0.0.0.. First month: 01/1851. Last month: 12/2010.
The “best” estimates for the anomalies of February 1856 and February 2010 are -0.792°C and +0.806°C respectively, such that the anomaly for February 1856 could be 1.598°C lower than the anomaly for February 2010. 

As per CruTem version 4.4.0.0.. First month: 01/1856. Last month: 07/2016. 
The “best” estimates for the anomalies of February 1856 and February 2010 are -0.767°C and +0.871°C respectvely, such that the anomaly for February 1856 could be 1.638°C lower than the anomaly for February 2010.

 The anomaly for February 1856 could be {what number of degrees centigrade ?} higher than, or lower than, the anomaly for February 2010.

January 1856's global temperature anomaly for land surfaces. July 2016 versus December 2010.

As per CruTem version 4.0.0.0.. First month: 01/1851. Last month: 12/2010.
The anomaly for January 1856 could be as high as +1.074, or as low as -1.794°C, or anywhere in between (such as -0.367°C), and the anomaly for January 2010 could be high as +1.061°C, or as low as +0.440°C, or anywhere in between (such as +0.752°), such that the anomaly for January 1856 could be as much as 0.634°C higher than, or as much as 2.855°C lower than, than the anomaly for January 2010. 

As per CruTem version 4.4.0.0.. First month: 01/1856. Last month: 07/2016.
The anomlay for January 1856 could be as high as +1.221°C, or as low as -1.616°C, or anywhere in between (such as -0.190°C), and the anomaly for January 2010 could be as high as +1.109°C, or as low as +0.526°C, or anywhere in between (such as +0.816°C), such that the anomaly for January 1856 could be as much as 0.695°C higher than, or as much as 2.706°C lower than, the anomaly for January 2010.

The anomaly for January 1856 could be {what number of degrees centigrade ?} higher than, or lower than, the anomaly for January 2010.

Wednesday, 28 September 2016

December 1851's global temperature anomaly for land surfaces. September 2016 versus March 2007.

As per CRU's version of CruTem3 as it appeared on the 19th of March 2007.
The anomalies for December 1851 and December 2006 are -0.786°C and +0.851°C respectively, such that the anomaly for December 1851 is 1.637°C less than the anomaly for December 2006.

As per CRU's version of CruTem4 as it appeared on the 24th of September 2016.
The anomalies for December 1851 and December 2006 are -0.132°C and +1.293°C respectively, such that the anomaly for November 1851 is 1.425°C less than the anomaly for November 2006.

November 1851's global temperature anomaly for land surfaces. September 2016 versus March 2007.

As per CRU's version of CruTem3 as it appeared on the 19th of March 2007.
The anomalies for November 1851 and November 2006 are -0.514°C and +0.710°C respectively, such that the anomaly for November 1851 is 1.224 less than the anomaly for November 2006.

As per CRU's version of CruTem4 as it appeared on the 24th of September 2016.
The anomalies for Novmber 1851 and November 2006 are -0.411°C and +0.903°C respectively, such that the anomaly for November 1851 is 1.314°C less than the anomaly for November 2006.

Questions.

October 1851’s global temperature anomaly for land surfaces. April 2016 versus February 2007.

As per CRU's {01/1850 to 02/2007} version of Crutem3.♥
The anomaly for October 1851 is +0.621°C, and the anomaly for October 2006 is +0.923°C, such that the anomaly for October 1851 is 0.302°C less than the anomaly for October 2006. 

As per CRU's {01/1850 to 04/2016} version of CruTem4.♦
The anomaly for October 1851 is +0.356°C, and the anomaly for October 2006 is +1.022°C, such that the anomaly for October 1851 is 0.666°C less than the anomaly for October 2006. 

Questions.

♥ Published during late March or early April of 2007.
♦ Published during late May or early June of 2016

September 1851’s global temperature anomaly for land surfaces. September 2016 versus February 2013.

As per CRU's version of Crutem4 as it appeard on the 10th of February 2013.
The anomaly for Sepember 1851 is +0.145°C, and the anomaly for September 2012 is +0.824°C, such that the anomaly for September 1851 is 0.679°C less than the anomaly for September 2012. 

As per CRU's version of CruTem4 as it appeared on the 24th of September 2016.
The anomaly for September 1851 is +0.302°C, and the anomaly for September 2012 is +0.897°C, such that the anomaly for September 1851 is 0.595°C less than the anomaly for September 2012. 

Questions.

August 1851's global temperature anomaly for land surfaces. September 2016 versus February 2013.

As per CRU's version of Crutem4 as it appeard on the 10th of February 2013.
The anomaly for August 1851 is +0.265°C, and the anomaly for August 2012 is +0.853°C, such that the anomaly for August 1851 is 0.588°C less than the anomaly for August 2012. 

As per CRU's version of CruTem4 as it appeared on the 24th of September 2016.
The anomaly for August 1851 is +0.228°C, and the anomaly for August 2012 is +0.857°C, such that the anomaly for August 1851 is 0.629°C less than the anomaly for August 2012.

Tuesday, 27 September 2016

July 1851's global air temperature anomaly for land surfaces. September 2016 versus March 2007.

As per CRU's version of CruTem3, March 2007.
The anomaly of July 1851 is +0.012°C, and the anomaly of July 2006 is +0.769°C, such that the anomaly of July 1851 is 0.757°C less than the anomaly of July 2006. 

As per CRU's version of CruTem4, September 2016.
The anomaly of July 1851 is -0.024°C, and the anomaly of July 2006 is +0.790°C, such that the anomaly of July 1851 is 0.814°C less than the anomaly of July 2006.

Links.
CRU.
CruTem3.
CruTem4.
“The elusive absolute surface air temperature”.
“The Way Back Machine”.

June 1851's global temperature anomaly for land surfaces. September 2016 versus March 2007.

As per CRU's edition of CruTem3, March 2007.
The anomaly of June 1851 is -0.166°C, and the anomaly of June 2006 is +0.646°C, such that the anomaly of June 1851 is 0.812°C less than the anomaly of June 2006. 

As per CRU's edition of CruTem4, September 2016.
The anomaly of June 1851 is +0.148°C, and the anomaly of June 2006 is +0.880°C, such that the anomaly of June 1851 is 0.732°C less than the anomaly of June 2006.

Links.
CRU.
CruTem3.
CruTem4.
“The elusive absolute surface air temperature”.
“The Way Back Machine”.

May 1851's global air temperature anomaly for land surfaces. September 2016 versus March 2007.

As per CRU's edition of CruTem3, March 2007.The anomaly of May 1851 is -0.363°C, and the anomaly of May 2006 is +0.261°C, such that the anomaly of May 1851 is 0.624°C less than the anomaly of May 2006. 

As per CRU's edition of CruTem4, September 2016.
The anomaly of May 1851 is -0.121°C, and the anomaly of May 2006 is +0.526°C, such that the anomaly of May 1851 is 0.647°C less than the anomaly of May 2006.

Links.
The Climatic Research Unit (CRU)
CruTem3.
CruTem4. 

https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-1ayRIrBeIqQ/V6csE8lcxyI/AAAAAAAAH90/5UK7KO3-t48zIIlg2nS4Ga2YBRfDi6rbwCPcB/s1600/CruTem4.png


Monday, 26 September 2016

April 1851's global air temperature anomaly for land surfaces. July 2016 versus December 2013.

The Climatic Research Unit.
CruTem4

Final month: December 2013.
The anomalies for April 1851 and April 2013 are +0.510°C and +0.581°C respectively, such that the anomaly for April 1851 is 0.071°C less than the anomaly for April 2013.

Final month: July 2016.
The anomalies for April 1851 and April 2013 are -0.356°C and +0.631°C respectively, such that the aonmaly for April 1851 is 0.987°C less than the anomaly for April 2013.

November 1880's global temperature anomaly. 09/2016 versus 04/2007.

GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP).
Meteorological stations, dTs.

01/1880 to 03/2007, published 04/2007.
The global temperature anomaly of November 1880 is -0.34­°C, and the global temperature anomaly of November 2006 is +0.74°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of November 1880 is 1.08°C less than the global temperature anomaly of November 2006.

01/1880 to 08/2016, published 09/2016.
The global temperature anomaly of November 1880 is -0.54°C, and the global temperature anomaly of November 2006 is +0.85°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of November 1880 is 1.39°C less than the global temperature anomaly of November 2006.  

October 1880's global temperature anomaly as per NASA. September 2016 versus March 2007

“dTs” is NASA's list of global temperature anomalies, “Global Mean Estimates Based on Land-Surface Air Temperature Anomalies Only (Meteorological Station Data, dTs)”.

dTs {January 1880 to February 2007} published March 2007.
The global temperature anomaly of October 1880 is -0.40°C, and the global temperature anomaly of October 2006 is +0.77°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of October 1880 is 1.17°C less than the global temperature anomaly of October 2006.

dTs {January 1880 to August 2016} published September 2016.
The global temperature anomaly of October 1880 is -0.70°C, and global temperature anomaly of October 2006 is +0.82°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of September 1880 is 1.52°C less than the global temperature anomaly of September 2006.

September 1880's global temperature anomaly as per NASA. September 2016 versus March 2007.

“dTs” is NASA's list of global temperature anomalies, “Global Mean Estimates Based on Land-Surface Air Temperature Anomalies Only (Meteorological Station Data, dTs)”.

dTs {January 1880 to February 2007} published March 2007.
The global temperature anomaly of September 1880 is +0.07°C, and the global temperature anomaly of September 2006 is +0.65°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of September 1880 is 0.58°C less than the global temperature anomaly of September 2006.

dTs {January 1880 to August 2016} published September 2016.
The global temperature anomaly of September 1880 is -0.52°C, and global temperature anomaly of September 2006 is +0.72°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of September 1880 is 1.24°C less than the global temperature anomaly of September 2006.

August 1880's global temperature anomaly as per NASA. September 2016 versus March 2007.

“dTs” is NASA's list of global temperature anomalies, “Global Mean Estimates Based on Land-Surface Air Temperature Anomalies Only (Meteorological Station Data, dTs)”.

dTs {January 1880 to February 2007} published March 2007.
The global temperature anomaly of August 1880 is +0.02°C, and the global temperature anomaly of August 2006 is +0.70°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of August 1880 is 0.68°C less than the global temperature anomaly of August 2006.

dTs {January 1880 to August 2016} published September 2016.
The global temperature anomaly of August 1880 is +0.05°C, and global temperature anomaly of August 2006 is +0.82°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of August 1880 is 0.77°C less than the global temperature anomaly of August 2006.

July 1880's global temperature anomaly as per NASA. September 2016 versus March 2007.

“dTs” is NASA's list of global temperature anomalies, “Global Mean Estimates Based on Land-Surface Air Temperature Anomalies Only (Meteorological Station Data, dTs)”.

dTs {January 1880 to February 2007} published March 2007.
The global temperature anomaly of July 1880 is -0.22°C, and the global temperature anomaly of July 2006 is +0.56°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of July 1880 is 0.78°C less than the global temperature anomaly of July 2006.

dTs {January 1880 to August 2016} published September 2016.
The global temperature anomaly of July 1880 is -0.50°C, and global temperature anomaly of July 2006 is +0.65°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of July 1880 is 1.15°C less than the global temperature anomaly of July 2006.

June 1880's global temperature anomaly, as per NASA. September 2016 versus March 2007.

“dTs” is NASA's list of global temperature anomalies, “Global Mean Estimates Based on Land-Surface Air Temperature Anomalies Only (Meteorological Station Data, dTs)”.

dTs {January 1880 to February 2007} published March 2007.
The global temperature anomaly of June 1880 is -0.56°C, and the global temperature anomaly of June 2006 is +0.63°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of June 1880 is 1.19°C less than the global temperature anomaly of June 2006.

dTs {January 1880 to August 2016} published September 2016.
The global temperature anomaly of June 1880 is -0.51°C, and global temperature anomaly of June 2006 is +0.77°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of June 1880 is 1.28°C less than the global temperature anomaly of June 2006.

Sunday, 25 September 2016

May 1880's global temperature anomaly as per NASA: August 2016 vis-á-vis February 2007

NASA's “data” set “dTs” = “Global Mean Estimates Based on Land-Surface Air Temperature Anomalies Only (Meteorological Station Data, dTs)”.

dTs {January 1880 to February 2007}♥.
The global temperature anomaly of January 1880 is +0.28°C, and the global temperature anomaly of May 1880 is -0.13°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of May 1880 is 0.41°C less than the global temperature anomaly of January 1880.

dTs {January 1880 to August 2016}♣.
The global temperature anomaly of January 1880 is -0.84°C, and the global temperature anomaly of May 1880 is -0.38°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of May 1880 is 0.46°C greater than the global temperature anomaly of January 1880.

♥ Published during March 2007.
♣ Published during September 2016

April 1880's global temperature anomaly: “dTs” August 2016 vis-á-vis “dTs” August 2005.

dTs = “Global Mean Estimates Based on Land-Surface Air Temperature Anomalies Only (Meteorological Station Data, dTs)”.

dTs {January 1880 to August 2005}.
The global temperature anomaly of January 1880 is +0.28°C, and the global temperature anomaly of April 1880 is -0.15°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of April 1880 is 0.43°C less than the global temperature anomaly of January 1880.

dTs {January 1880 to August 2016}.
The global temperature anomaly of January 1880 is -0.84°C, and the global temperature anomaly of April 1880 is -0.68°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of April 1880 is 0.16°C greater than the global temperature anomaly of January 1880.

March 1880's global temperature anomaly: “GLOTI” August 2016 vis-à-vis “GLOTI” August 2005

GLOTI = NASA's Global Land-Ocean Temperature Index.

GLOTI {January 1880 to August 2005}.
The global temperature anomaly of January 1880 is -0.20°C, and the global temperature anomaly of March 1880 is also -0.20°C, such that the global temperature anomlay of March 1880 is the same as the global temperature anomaly of January 1880.

GLOTI {January 1880 to August 2016}.
The global temperature anomaly of January 1880 is -0.30°C, and the global temperature anomaly of March 1880 is -0.19°C, such that the global temperature anomaly of March 1880 is 0.11°C greater than the global temperature anomaly of January 1880.